Bolsa Família and Aid Brazil: Understand the Differences






Bolsa Familia and Auxílio Brasil are two social programs created by the Brazilian government to help low-income families.

Both programs have the main objective of combating poverty and social inequality in the country, providing financial assistance to families in need.

However, many people still wonder if these two programs are the same thing or if there are significant differences between them.

The Bolsa Família was created in 2003 during the Lula government and has become one of the most important social programs in the country. It provides financial assistance to families in poverty and extreme poverty.

The Auxílio Brasil is a more recent program, created in 2021 by the Bolsonaro government, which intends to replace Bolsa Família.

It also aims to provide financial assistance to low-income families, but with some differences from the previous program.

While there are some similarities between the two programs, such as financial assistance for low-income families, there are also significant differences between them.

For example, Auxílio Brasil has a higher average value than Bolsa Família and is aimed at a wider audience.

In addition, the program also includes a series of measures to help families escape poverty, such as offering professional training courses and productive inclusion actions.

Bolsa Família and Aid Brazil: Understand the Differences

Auxílio Brasil - family of 5 embracing in field beside outdoors

Auxílio Brasil and Bolsa Família, know the differences – Photo: Pixabay

Bolsa Família and Auxílio Brasil are social programs of the Brazilian federal government that aim to help low-income families overcome extreme poverty.

While they have similar goals, there are some key differences between the two programs.

Family Composition

One of the main differences between Bolsa Família and Auxílio Brasil is the family composition. While Bolsa Família is aimed at families with a per capita income of up to R$89, Auxílio Brasil is aimed at families with a per capita income of up to R$550.

In addition, Auxílio Brasil also considers family composition when calculating the amount of the benefit, which means that families with more children can receive a higher amount.


Basic Core

Another important difference between the two programs is the so-called basic core. In Bolsa Família, the basic nucleus is composed of a woman responsible for the family and her children.

At Auxílio Brasil, the basic nucleus is composed of a woman responsible for the family, her children and other family members who live under the same roof and do not have their own income.

Early Childhood

One of the main novelties of Auxílio Brasil is the benefit for early childhood. This benefit is intended for children aged 0 to 36 months and aims to guarantee a minimum income for families with children in this age group.

The value of the benefit is BRL 52 per child, up to BRL 200 per family.

In summary, although they have similar objectives, Bolsa Família and Auxílio Brasil have some important differences in relation to family composition, the basic nucleus and the benefit for early childhood.

It’s important to understand these differences in order to choose the program that best meets your family’s needs.

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Auxílio Brasil: What Changes?

Since September 2021, Auxílio Brasil has started to be paid to Brazilian families. It replaced Bolsa Família, which existed since 2004. But, after all, what changes with the new social program?

President Jair Bolsonaro

President Jair Bolsonaro is one of the main supporters of Auxílio Brasil. He stated that the program is a way to help Brazilian families that have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.

PEC of Precatories

To finance the Aid, the federal government had to approve the PEC of Precatorios. This constitutional amendment allows the government to use part of the money that would be destined to pay court debts to finance the social program.

Social Program

Auxílio Brasil is a social program that aims to help Brazilian families living in poverty or extreme poverty. It offers monthly financial benefits to these families.


With high inflation in the country, the value of the Aid  may not be enough to cover all the needs of the beneficiary families. It is therefore important that the government closely monitor the situation and make adjustments to the program if necessary.

Read other articles on the same topic:

Expenditure Ceiling

Auxílio Brasil is part of the federal government spending cap. This means that the program must respect a maximum spending limit established by the Fiscal Responsibility Law.

In short, Auxílio is a social program that offers financial benefits to Brazilian families living in poverty or extreme poverty.

It replaced Bolsa Família in 2021 and is one of the main federal government measures to combat social inequality in the country. However, it is important that the program is closely monitored to ensure that it is meeting the needs of beneficiary families.

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