Champagne is a sparkling drink produced in the Champagne region of France. The origin of this wine is quite controversial. But the most accepted story is that it was invented by Dom Pérignon. A Benedictine monk who worked at Hautvillers Abbey in the Champagne region.
It is very important to say that all champagne is sparkling wine, however, not all sparkling wine is champagne. Therefore, to receive the name of champagne, the sparkling wine must be produced in the delimited region (cultivation, harvest and winemaking) and with the grapes authorized for this purpose.
Fun facts about Champagne
One of the most interesting curiosities about champagne is that it is produced from white or red grapes or a mixture of the two. The production process of this drink is quite complex. It includes fermentation of the grape blend, followed by the addition of expedition liqueur (a mixture of sugar and yeast) to promote the second fermentation. This second fermentation is what gives the drink its famous bubbles.
Another interesting curiosity is that champagne is one of the few wines that can be produced by hand, therefore, without the use of machines. This is possible thanks to the “traditional” method, also known as the “méthode champenoise”, which is used to produce this wine. This method involves the use of special glass bottles, which are able to withstand the pressure generated by the second fermentation.
So champagne is a sparkling drink produced in the Champagne region of France from white or red grapes. It is produced through a complex process and can be produced by hand, without the use of machines. There are different styles and varieties of champagne, which are produced with different grapes and in different proportions.
Another curious fact about champagne is that it is traditionally served in flute glasses, which are tall and narrow. The reason for this is that these glasses help to concentrate the aromas of the drink and keep it fresh for longer. In addition, the shape of the flute glass also helps to preserve the champagne bubbles for longer.
Types of champagne and their grapes
When it comes to the types of champagne, as well as sparkling wines, they are classified according to their sugar content.
- Doux: more than 50 gr/l
- Demi sec: from 32 to 50 gr/l
- Sec: from 17 to 32 gr/l
- Extra dry: from 12 to 17 gr/l
- Brut: from 12 to 6 gr/l
- Extra brut: less than 6 gr/l
With regard to the varieties of grapes authorized to produce a champagne they are 7.
- Pinot Noir (ink)
- Chardonnay (white)
- Pinot Meunier (ink)
- Arbane Blanc (white)
- Pinot Blanc (white)
- Pinot Gris (white with pinkish or gray rind)
- Petit Meslier (white)
Of the grapes mentioned above, the first 3 on the list represent more than 99% of production.
A luxurious drink
Champagne is also known to be a luxury drink and is traditionally associated with parties and special celebrations. This is due in part to its complex production process. And the fact that it is produced in relatively small quantities compared to other wines.
Another curiosity about this wine is that it is one of the few wines that can be produced organically. This means that the grapes used in the production of Champagne are grown without the use of pesticides or other synthetic chemicals. This can result in a purer, more authentic taste for the beverage.
Champagne is also known for its ability to age well. Some of the best champagnes are produced from grapes that have been grown in soils with high levels of minerals, which gives them a more complex flavor and a more intense aroma. These champagnes are usually left to age for several years before being released for sale, allowing them to develop their unique characteristics.
Champagne and the female influence in history
Madame de Pompadour, born Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, was a lady-in-waiting and mistress of King Louis XV of France. She is considered one of the most influential women in French history and played an important role in popularizing champagne during the 18th century.
The Champagne region of northeastern France has been producing wine for centuries. But it was during the reign of Louis XV that this wine began to gain fame and become one of the most desired wines of the time. This is due, in large part, to the fact that Madame de Pompadour was a great appreciator and advocate of champagne.
She hosted lavish parties at her residence, the Palace of Versailles, and served this wine to her guests. In addition, she also encouraged consumption among other people in French high society, which helped to further popularize the wine.
In the 18th century, champagne was an expensive and exclusive wine, consumed mainly by the nobility and royalty. However, thanks to Madame de Pompadour’s influence and her fondness for wine, the drink began to be more widely consumed by the rest of society.
Popularization of wine inside and outside France
Madame de Pompadour also played an important role in promoting champagne outside of France. She ordered the wine to be served at important parties and events in other European countries. Which helped to further increase the fame of the drink abroad.
“Champagne is the only wine that makes a woman beautiful after drinking it, she would have said.”
In addition, she also encouraged the production of champagne more efficiently and perfected wine production techniques. This helped to make champagne more accessible and increased wine production, which in turn helped to make it even more popular.
In summary, Madame de Pompadour was an important figure in the history of this drink. She played a key role in popularizing wine during the 18th century. His passion for this drink and his refined taste contributed to the increase in wine production and consumption. Which made it one of the most famous and appreciated wines in the world.
In conclusion, champagne is a sparkling drink produced in the Champagne region of France from white or red grapes. It is served in flute glasses, is considered a luxury drink and is traditionally associated with parties and special celebrations. It can also be produced organically and is known for its ability to age well.